Oral thrush also referred to as thrush mouth, is an infection caused by Candida albicans, a fungus that develops unnoticed in the wall of your mouth. It can result in lesions that appear white and creamy. Usually, you will see the signs and symptoms of oral thrush as creamy white lesions on the inside of your cheeks or on your tongue. They can cause pain and may cause bleeding once you scrape the white part off or simply brushing your teeth. It can also extend to the mouth’s roof, gums, and throat. However, thrush in the throat rarely happens. All of us can have oral thrush nonetheless the babies, toddlers, elderly and immunocompromised are the usual target of oral thrush. In cases of babies, the infection is commonly called baby thrush. Oral thrush is a small problem for healthy people including children and adults; however, it is a big problem for people who are immunocompromised.
Oral Thrush Signs and Symptoms
- Oral thrush usually leads to lesions that appear creamy and white found in your mouth, especially on the inside of your cheeks, tongue, tonsils and gums, and at times even in your mouth’s roof.
- These lesions can usually appear like cottage cheese.
- They can cause pain and slight bleeding if you scrape them. Symptoms may happen all of a sudden although they can stay for a long period of time.
- In serious cases, the lesions can extend down to your esophagus, leading for you to have throat thrush. Once this occurs, you can experience difficulty in swallowing or you can have a feeling that an object or a food is stuck in your throat.
- Babies and lactating women can also have thrush. Strong and well newborns can get thrush during their first few months of living. Together with oral lesions, they can also have problems with feeding or they can be easily irritated. The baby can transmit the infection to the mother’s breast while breast feeding, this is known as breast feeding thrush. After that the woman and her infant, will transmit the infection backward and forward. if you see any signs and symptoms of oral thrush, please consult with your doctor immediatly.
Oral Thrush Causes
Candida albicans, a fungal microorganism causes oral thrush. Candida albicans is also the culprit of the vaginal thrush infection thus when the baby is delivered in the mother’s vagina the mouth of the baby is exposed to the infection. It can also be transmitted in the mother’s nipples while breastfeeding the infected infant.
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The oral thrush can be brought about by excessive growth of the fungus Candida albicans inside the mouth. Candida albicans usually reside inside the mouth in a specific equilibrium together with other bacterial microorganisms. Nevertheless, specific things or circumstances can cause excessive growth of Candida albicans and it can include the following:
- Using antibiotics. Antibiotics can destroy the healthy bacteria inside the body together with the bacteria that are harmful and can cause a disease. Once the antibiotics destroy the beneficial bacteria, the normal equilibrium of microorganisms inside the mouth and other parts of the body is changed, leading to an excessive growth of Candida albicans.
- Having a poor immunity brought about by particular health problems or conditions like having HIV or AIDS or using steroids or chemo drugs.
- Having an elevated blood glucose brought about by diabetes, this gives nourishment for Candida albicans and increases its excessive growth.
Thrush in the vagina can be transmitted from the mother to her baby’s mouth during vaginal birth. Additionally, infection inside a mother’s nipples can be transmitted to her baby’s mouth while breastfeeding.
Oral Thrush Treatment
Oral thrush is an uncommon problem for good adults; however, an infection can re-appear even following its treatment. For that reason, it is important to know the nature of this disease. The medication capsules for oral thrush will kill the fungus; however, they will not attack the cause of the disease, which is the inability of your body to manage the fungal infections. Nevertheless, treating oral thrush is very simple once you understand how to treat it.
Usually, thrush is not a major problem, however, in individuals suffering from HIV or if they are immunocompromised, the signs and symptoms of oral thrush can be so severe that ingesting any food will cause pain. Once the infection extends to the intestines, it can be hard to have sufficient nutrition. Thrush is more probably to extend to other areas of the body in individuals suffering from cancer, HIV, AIDS, or other health problems that compromise the immunity system. Lungs, digestive systems, and liver can be involved.
There are things that you can do to lessen the probability of having oral thrush and these are:
- Clean and rinse your mouth in a regular basis.
- Having yoghurt which contains lactobacillus.
- Taking acidophilus medications while taking antibiotics.
If you start having vaginal thrush while pregnant, start consulting a doctor to treat the infection immediately.